Pattern presents a fragment of the masterpiece Starry Night Over the Rhône , created by Vincent van Gogh, eminently emotional, the Great Post-Impressionist Artist. We rarely describe an artist, but this time we have to include at least a note – Vincent was born in 1853 in the Netherlands, initially he was to become a missionary, he was closely connected to religion, but the Church authorities have diverted him from this path. Van Gogh decided to sacrifice his life to art before the age of thirteen, for the love of God he wanted to show the world in its most beautiful light. His life was full of professions, he experienced many unhappy loves as an emotional person. In 1886, Vincent came to Paris, where he came into contact with the Great Art, he particularly loved Impressionism. At the time, he did not know that he would give him a new path, he would set the path that the most outstanding artists and art historians would study in the 21st century. This prominent Artist overtook the times in which he lived for a good 50 years, which often led to barely making ends meet. His work was very prolific, van Gogh created over 2,000 works of art, however, the people of that time could not appreciate the beauty of the world he created. During his lifetime he sold only a few paintings and sketches, the most famous of which was the Red Vineyard. Vincent died at the age of 37, most likely as a result of a gunshot, although some applications indicate suicide caused by depression and mental problems.
Starry Night on the Rhône is the first starry night painted by van Gogh. Created in 1888, nine months before the most famous Starry Night, this is not, however, the first night theme that the painter has created. The painting was created in Arles over the Rhône, it belongs to the most creative period in the artist’s life. Vincent was painting his work near the famous Yellow House. In a letter to his brother, Theo, he announced and described this composition:
Included a small sketch of a 30 square canvas – in short the starry sky painted by night, actually under a gas jet. The sky is aquamarine, the water is royal blue, the ground is mauve. The town is blue and purple. The gas is yellow and the reflections are russet gold descending down to green-bronze. On the aquamarine field of the sky the Great Bear is a sparkling green and pink, whose discreet paleness contrasts with the brutal gold of the gas. Two colorful figurines of lovers in the foreground.
The colors important for van Gogh’s paintings are highlighted by characteristic brush strokes that refract light in an interesting way. The creator of Starry Night on the Rhône has rejected the principle of mimesis to express his own style. He created light reflections, reflections and shadows that stop the moment, let you immerse yourself in the world that Vincent saw – in a more beautiful world. Each brush movement is clearly marked here, sure and giving shape to single fragments. The color of the whole is granted by starlight and gas glow in coastal lighthouses. Van Gogh repeatedly emphasized in the letters that the night is more colorful than the day, and the light of stars gives unique dark colors, with beautiful reflections of pink and green, all objects on earth. Lanterns look like ogals, the starlight is lime, and the other colors are shimmering with shades of grenades. It’s the easiest way to see the beautiful soul of Vincent in the color scheme – there is no black in the picture. We can only guess how strong a man had to be, who, driven by depression, schizophrenia, many years of failures, occupations and mental problems, could create such a colorful night. Light reflections smoothly go to the wharf, followed by a couple in love, stopped by the Artist in a fleeting moment full of love. The panorama of the city has been overshadowed by the play of lights, in the distance you can see only its outlines, but these are quite clear contours. Art historians present numerous interpretations of starry nights, many analyzes emphasize the depressive vision of the night in which the light symbolizing God is the only salvation from the depths of darkness. It is not difficult to notice, however, that Starry Night over Rhône shows the world as a peaceful place, albeit full of life and emotion. The artist stopped the charm of the divine and inaccessible world that people can admire, reflecting on the origin of beauty. The moment created by van Gogh is lofty and mysterious, although at the same time observable and accessible to everyone, which emphasizes the light of stars projecting onto the Earth’s surroundings. Perhaps Vincent wanted to show us how beautiful the world is, and therefore life, as soon as we can observe carefully – when we stop, just like a couple of lovers, and carefully look at the sky.
This image, measuring 72.5 by 92 centimeters, can be admired in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris.